Emergency Curriculum

C-Spine Injury

Hoffman, J. R., Mower, W. R., Wolfson, A. B., Todd, K. H., & Zucker, M. I. (2000). Validity of a set of clinical criteria to rule out injury to the cervical spine in patients with blunt trauma. New England Journal of Medicine, 343(2), 94-99.

Head Injury

Bouida, W., Marghli, S., Souissi, S., Ksibi, H., Methammem, M., Haguiga, H., ... & Trimech, M. N. (2013). Prediction value of the Canadian CT head rule and the New Orleans criteria for positive head CT scan and acute neurosurgical procedures in minor head trauma: a multicenter external validation study. Annals of emergency medicine, 61(5), 521-527.

​​Pulmonary Embolism

Wells, P. S., Anderson, D. R., Rodger, M., Stiell, I., Dreyer, J. F., Barnes, D., ... & Kovacs, M. J. (2001). Excluding pulmonary embolism at the bedside without diagnostic imaging: management of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism presenting to the emergency department by using a simple clinical model and d-dimer. Annals of internal medicine, 135(2), 98-107.


Rivers, Emanuel. Nguyen Bryant. Havstad, Suzanne. Ressler, Julie (2001). Early Goal Directed Therapy: In the Treatment of Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock. NEJM Vol 345 No 19 1368-1377

Park, Sun-Kyung. Shin Su Rin, Hur Min (2017). The effect of early goal-directed therapy for treatment of severe sepsis or septic shock: A systemic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Critical Care. Vilume 38 115-122

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